Trafalgar Square is a public square in Westminster, London, built around the area known as Charing Cross. Trafalgar Square is surrounded by museums, galleries, cultural centers and historic buildings.
The Trafalgar Square site has been an important landmark back to the thirteenth century and originally contained King Mews.

Trafalgar Square is considered the center of London and the home of Nelson’s column, which was completed in 1843 to commemorate Admiral Nelson’s victory over Napoleon’s off Cape Trafalgar, Spain in 1805. The North of the square is the National Gallery and to the southeast Arch Admiralty, built in honor of Queen Victoria. Behind the port, there is the Mall leading to Buckingham Palace.
Whitehall is the road that runs from Trafalgar Square to the Parliament Square, surrounded by government buildings and headquarters of the British government. Along Whitehall is Downing Street, at the premier home.

In July 2003, a major project was completed transforming Trafalgar Square. The north terrace was pedestrianized so that the place is now linked to the National Gallery. The Changes include a café, a public toilet and a lift for access disabilities.

Trafalgar Square is the center of national democracy and protest. Weekends are gatherings and demonstrations in various political, religious and general. The mayor supports this democratic tradition and allows access to space for such causes.

Here Are Some Facts About Trafalgar Square

Nelson’s Column 1

William Railton designed the column and statue to honor Admiral Nelson after winning the battle at Trafalgar 1805.

EH Baily sculpted the statue of granite. It’s five feet tall and is on the platform in the old weapon of Bronze Woolwich Arsenal Station.

The Four column-based bronze plates represent some of Nelson’s battles.

Recover Nelson Column

The Nelson column is grade 1 listed. It reviewed every two years to assess its status. Recent surveys found that the column was in good condition, but conservative works are recommended to preserve it for future generations.
This work encompasses repairs to the stonework, cleaning areas of corrosion, protection the bronze with wax, general cleaning for Guano pigeon removal and pigeon- proofing areas.
The restoration team was able to repair damage to the status using Craig Leith sandstone, the original material used to make it. When the Craig Leith quarry in Scotland has closed sixty years ago, it was impossible to enter the stone, so previous restorers repaired Nelson with a mixture of mortar and cement.
However, some Craig Leith stone was found during the Donaldson Dormitory School for the restoration of the Deaf (A-listed Edinburgh Buildings). It was donated to Nelson’s Column restoration Scottish company Watson Stone craft


The fountain was added in 1845. The Dolphins, Mermaids, and Tritons (male figure with a fish tail just like fish) were later installed. Fountains work most of the time.


There are four statues in the square. Bronze statues found in three of them, General Sir Henry Havelock in the southeast, General Sir Charles James Napier in the southwest and King George IV in the northeast.

The Fourth Plinth



The fourth plinth, northwest of the place, was empty for many years. At present, it is run by a group of commissioning experts. This group guides and monitors commission for the plinth. The content presents work of the world class of contemporary artwork in the public realm.

Imperial Measures


In 1876, Imperial measures were placed on the north wall of the terrace. Surveyors may still check “Perches,” “chains” and other archaic measures against the feet and yards. If we add a central staircase, the measures were relocated, and now you can find information about them outside the cafe in the square.

Police Box

Probably the smallest police box ever built is located in the southeast corner instead. There was a lamp constructed in 1826. In 1926, Scotland Yard set up a telephone line and light that the police could use to seek help. It is now used for storage.


Many events are held at Trafalgar Square, including cultural events, fairs, demonstrations and rallies, and shooting photographic shootings.


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