THE MOSQUE OF CORDOBA is the third largest mosque in the world and inspired the architecture of all who came afterward.
As part of Córdoba’s city center, do not miss the opportunity to visit this spectacular example of mixing Muslim and Christian cultures in Al-Andalus.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba, also known as the Mosque-Cathedral, is one of the oldest buildings from the time when the Muslims ruled Al-Andalus (Muslim Iberia, including most of Spain and Portugal and a small part of southern France). Cordoba is located two hours south of Madrid in the 8th century and attracts visitors from all over the world.
The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important monument in the entire Western Islamic world and one of the most beautiful in the world. The development of the “Omeya” style in Spain continues throughout the history of the Córdoba Mosque as well as other styles such as Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
It seems to be a place that today houses the Cathedral of Cordoba, which since antiquity has been dedicated to the worship of several deities. In this place, during the Visigothic occupation, another building was erected, the Basilica “San Vicente.” At the top of this basilica and after half of the square was paid, a primitive mosque was built. This rectangular basilica was divided over time between Muslims and Christians. After the Muslim expansion, the basilica became the property of Abderramán I, who was destroyed to build the city’s first “Mosque Alhama” or main mosque. Today, some of the elements of the Visigothic building are integrated into the first part of Abderraman I.
Mosque has two distinct areas: the courtyard or “Sahn Arcade,” where “Minaret” (under the Renaissance tower) built Abd-Rahman III and “illegal” or prayer room. The interior consists of pine forests and red and white arches, which have a strong chromatic effect. The site is divided into five distinct areas, each of which corresponds to the various extensions that have occurred therein.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE Mosque of Cordoba
Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, also known as the Great Mosque of Cordoba, whose religious name is Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption, the Catholic Cathedral of the Diocese of Cordoba, dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and in the Spanish region of Andalusia.
Mezquita (Spanish for “Mosque”) of Cordoba symbolizes the many religious changes that Cordoba has experienced over the centuries.
The buildings on this site are complex and the extremely rich history they illustrate. Historians believe that the temple was for the first time a Roman god, Janus. The temple was converted by the Visigoth invasion into a church conquered by Cordoni in 572.
When the Muslims defeated Spain in 711, the church was first divided into two parts: Muslims and Christians.
This date sharing platform lasted until 784 when Christian bought midfielder Emir Abd al-Rahman I, who then toppled the original structure and built a large mosque in Cordoba’s home.
Cordobas Mezquita built in the 9th and 10th centuries in 784 to 786 extensions an uramaki vladar’Abd ar-Rahman I, which doubled its size and thus became one of the largest religious buildings in the Islamic world.
Floor plan finished building makes a large rectangle size of 180 to 130 meters (590 x 425 feet), or slightly less St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
They are over 24,000 square feet (24,000 square feet).
Córdoba returned to Christian rule in 1236 during the recon-quest, and the building was converted into a Roman Catholic Church, which culminated in the 16th century in the reception of a Renaissance cathedral.
THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA is best known for its huge arches and its forest of 856 (from the original 1,293) columns of jasper, onyx, marble, and granite. These were taken from a Roman temple that formerly occupied the construction site and other ruined Roman buildings.
The famous alternating red and white arches are inspired by those in a dome on a rock; and are similar to those of Aachen Cathedral, which are built almost at the same time.
The main point of the prayer hall is the famous Mihrab or prayer. Golden tiles – small pieces of gold and color glass – create a brilliant combination of dark blue, reddish brown, yellow and gold, creating intricate calligraphic ribbons and plant motifs that adorn the arch.
Above the mihrab is the same dazzling dome. This elaborate octagonal dome rises above the mihrab, which is surrounded by inscriptions in Arabic Byzantine mosaics of columns with inside višeobličastog door and.
Inside the mosque, right in the center, there is a Renaissance Cathedral, which was begun in 1523 by Bishop Alonso Manrique. The construction of the cathedral lasted until the early seventeenth century.
Renaissance altarpiece of the Cathedral of Cordoba, its gothic ceiling, baroque lecture and pulpit Renaissance walls of the north and south transept matching the Islamic arches at the end of the almanac.
Extension of the Mosque of Cordoba in the late tenth century
It is a wonderful contrast between the last extension of Almancil Mosque and Christian architecture, the rows of columns with the cathedral from the XVI century.
18th-century chancel, carved mahogany west India not only contain scenes from the Bible, the life of the Virgin and images of local martyrs, but also the proliferation of decorative works, masks, eagles, stylized centaurs and various flora and fauna.
Outside the mosque-cathedral is the Naranjos yard of the yard, which has orange blossom in the spring and has a beautiful fountain.
Torre Del Alminar is 93 meters high and was built on the site of the original minaret. You can climb up to the summits to enjoy the best view of Cordova.
Under Abd ar-Rahman II (822-52), the mosque held the original copy of the Koran and the hand-arm of the Prophet Muhammad; it is a major Muslim pilgrimage site.
In 1984, the historic center of Cordoba, including the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Every year around 1.5 million tourists are enthusiastic about this impressive location.